Cheat Sheet – CKSF Biology Scholarship

Biology TrophyThe sample biology quiz questions below are from the Common Knowledge Scholarship Foundation’s High School Biology Scholarship, quiz 1.  The High School Biology Scholarship is a no essay scholarship (multiple choice quiz) that follows a standard AP Biology syllabus found at the College Board website. Each month there is a new quiz online quiz based on what is commonly covered during that month based on the syllabus.  The quizzes were designed to allow students to compete for scholarship money while reviewing for exams.

Chemical Elements

1 Matter consists of chemical elements in pure form and in combinations called __________.
2  What is the term that is described as anything that takes up space and has mass?
3  A substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by chemical reactions is known as __________.
4  Life requires about how many chemical elements?
5  __________ elements are those required by an organism in minute quantities.
6  Atomic structure determines the __________ of an element.
7  What is the smallest possible unit of an element which retains that element’s properties?
8  What subatomic particle carries no charge and is found tightly packed into the nucleus at the center of an atom?
9  All atoms of a particular element have the same number of __________ in their nuclei.
10  The atomic __________ tells us the number of protons and the number of electrons in an electrically neutral atom.
 11 The atomic __________ is often used to refer to what is technically the total atomic mass or mass number.
12 What term refers to an atom that has more neutrons than other atoms of the same element and therefore weighs more?
13 Energy is the ability to do work, however __________ energy is the energy that matter stores because of its position or location.
14 What is the three dimensional space where an electron is found 90% of the time?
15 The chemical properties of an atom depend mostly on the number of electrons in its outermost shell.
16 What are these electrons are called?
17 Atoms combine by chemical bonding to form __________.
18 In a covalent bond valence electrons are __________.
19 The __________ by an atom of the electrons in a covalent bond is called electronegativity.
20 What is a nonpolar covalent bond?

 

Scientific Method

1 The process of thinking and learning about the world around us is one general example of which of the following?
2 A controlled test to determine the validity of a hypothesis is known as which of the following?
3 The possible explanation of, preliminary conclusion about, or guess at the solution to a problem is most likely which of the following?
4 Which of the following provides a benchmark against which to measure a variable’s effect?
5  Which of the following best describes the factor that differs among the control group?
6 Which of the following are most often associated as being part of a scientific experiment?
7  A system of asking questions, developing explanations and testing those explanations is most commonly known as __________.
8  Which of the following best describes things that are made of cells, grow and develop, obtain and use energy, respond to their environment and reproduce?
9  The science of living things is most commonly known as which of the following?
10  The regulation of an organism’s internal environment to maintain conditions suitable for life is called __________.
 11  An experiment is a specific test of a __________.
12  How are hypothesis and theory similar?
13  What are the common steps scientists use to gather information to solve problems?
14  All life begins as a single __________.
15  Which variable in an experiment is a measure of the change?

 

Water Properties

1 An explanation for the movement of water from a hypoosmotic solution through a semipermeable membrane to a hyperosmotic solution is that __________.
2 Osmosis specifically involves __________.
3 The polarity of the water molecule __________.
4 Newly formed ice does not sink to the bottom of a pond because __________.
5 The pH of a solution is a measure of the ______ the solution.

 

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