BYG Geography Cheat Sheet

The following will be covered on the BYG - Geography Quiz:

Notable Places - landmarks, memorials, wonders of world, historical sites, tallest mountain, Great Barrier Reef, US national parks
Example: The Great Barrier Reef is home to a variety of unusual and dangerous sea life. Where is the Great Barrier Reef located?
World Map - any question that can be answered by looking at the world map, capital cities, location of countries, continents, latitude and longitude, time zones, tropic of cancer
Example: Situated on the southern edge of the Sahara Desert, Timbuktu is located in which country?
Geographical Terms - vocabulary related to geography, tributary, delta, peak, straight, plain, peninsula, desert, fault, continental drift, volcano, reef, http://www.enchantedlearning.com/geography/glossary/ - Visit this site for e glossary of geography terms!
Example: What is an atlas?
Bodies of Water - rivers, lakes, oceans, canals, currents and gulf stream, glaciers, what direction does the Nile flow, which river runs through Grand Canyon
Example: What percentage of the world’s water is fresh water?
Natural Resources - mountain ranges, oil fields, alternative energies, coal, diamonds, bauxite, food,
Example: If you are planning a ski trip in the Alps, you should expect to travel to which continent?

Practice Your Skills with these Quiz Questions!

Notable Places

Beginning with the phrase "Four score and seven years ago,” Abraham  Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address in the state of _________.
A. Virginia
B. West Virginia
C. Pennsylvania
D. Maryland
E. Washington D.C.

In 1781 the Battle of __________, the battle that effectively ended the American Revolutionary War, was fought in Virginia.  
A. White Plains
B. Yorktown
C. Bunker Hill
D. Charleston
E. Savannah

World Map

Beginning in Minnesota, the Mississippi River is 2,320 miles long. The last state it runs through before spilling into the Gulf of Mexico is __________. 
A. Mississippi
B. Alabama
C. Louisiana
D. New Mexico
E. Texas

If you are in Tennessee and want to visit Oklahoma, in which general direction do you need to travel? 
A. north
B. east
C. south
D. west
E. southwest

Geographical Terms

The Antarctic Circle is an imaginary circle at latitude 66°30' S, around the __________. 
A. north pole
B. Arctic Ocean
C. southern hemisphere
D. northern hemisphere
E. south pole

Which of the following continents is in the Western Hemisphere? 
A. Africa
B. South America
C. Asia
D. Australia
E. Europe

Bodies of Water

Which of the following is not one of the Great Lakes? 
A. Lake Superior
B. Lake Michigan
C. Lake Ontario
D. Great Salt Lake
E. Lake Huron

The __________ is a natural boundary between two countries in the Northern Hemisphere. 
A. Rio Grande
B. Mississippi River
C. Gulf of Mexico
D. Rocky Mountains
E. Canadian fence line

Natural Resources

Primarily used to produce electricity, coal is mined in more than 100 countries. Which country has the world’s largest coal reserves? 
A. Canada
B. United States
C. China
D. Australia
E. India

The federal government in the United States has been considering restoring the River of Grass.  This is going to mean a lot of money being spent in the state of _________. 
A. California
B. Texas
C. Florida
D. Mississippi
E. Louisiana

Please note that these are questions pulled directly from the BYG Geography quiz. The answer choices will be the same, but probably in a different order.

Things to Know - Clues & Hints

Use the clues and hints below to study for the quiz. Remember the questions are all Common Knowledge!

Notable Places

The following list is a list of places that you should become familiar with (location and significance):
- the Bay of Pigs
- Guantanamo Bay
- Normandy Beach
- Omaha Beach
- Iwo Jima
- Panama Canal
- Cheyenne Mountain
- Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
- Yorktown
- the great pyramids and the sphinx
- Rock of Gibraltar
- the Galapagos Islands
- San Andreas Fault
- Independence Hall
- Plymouth Rock
- Golden Gate Bridge
- Diamond Head
- Four Corners
- Timbuktu
- Canadian Provinces
- Serengeti
- Appalachian Mountains
- The Alps
- Machu Picchu
- The Hague
- New England

World Map

- Continent home to the most independent countries
- The only South American country to border both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean
- Peninsula states
- Even numbered major highways in the United States run primarily east and west
- Sahara Desert is in Africa
- Smallest and largest countries in the world by area
- Location of countries in Middle East and Africa
- New York City Boroughs
- U.S. State Capitals

Geographical Terms

Altitude, Latitude, Longitude, Antarctic Circle, Western Hemisphere, cape, peninsula, delta, estuary, butte, isthmus, mouth, tributary, dam, bay, mesa, dune, International Date Line, Tropic of Capricorn, Tropic of Cancer, Prime Meridian

Bodies of Water

Grand Canyon - Hint: Bodies of water associated with the Grand Canyon 
Five Oceans - Hint: Google it!
Nile River - Hint: Go with the flow!
Mississippi River - Hint: most flowing water that is east of the Rocky Mountains will eventually ...
Amazon River - Hint: Continent and countries
English Channel -  Hint: Note the surrounding countries
Rio Grande - Hint: Donde esta?
The Great Lakes - Hint: Names, number, sizes, location
Puget Sound - Hint: Olympics host city and state

Natural Resources

Where one can find the most: oil, coal, diamonds, gold, bauxite, uranium, water, forests