BYG Political Science Cheat Sheet

The following will be covered on the BYG - Political Science Quiz:

The U.S. Constitution:

Here are some sample questions:

- What document was the predecessor to the United States' Constitution?
- __________ means that some powers are held by a centralized national government while others are reserved for the various states governments. 
- A person accused of a crime that "pleads the Fifth" is doing so to __________.
- If the President and Vice President both died in office, who would be sworn in as President? 

These are some additional topics to know:
Preamble to the Constitution - What are the first words? What is this document's purpose?
Bill of Rights and other Amendments - Know Amendments 5, 13, and 25
U.S. Census - How often is it taken?
Article of Confederation - What was it replaced by?
Checks and Balances - What is it?
Appointment of Supreme Court Justices - Who appoints Justices? How often?

Three Branches of Government:
Here are some sample questions:

- The legislative branch has responsibilities in __________.
- What does the term Separation of Powers refer to?
- Members of the House are elected every _________ years and Senators are elected every _________ years.
- During President Barack Obama's first term, who was the Senate majority Leader?
- George W. Bush appointed __________ as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in 2005.

These are some additional topics to know:
Role of the President - What is the Commander in Chief's responsibility?
Cabinet Members and other roles - What is the Secretary of State's job?
Supreme Court Justices - Who selects Supreme Court Justices? Know about Justice John Roberts!
Jury Service - Who makes up a jury?

Political Parties:
Here are some sample questions:

- A political party realignment is when a demographic of voters shift more permanently away from old party ties. This often occurs after _________.
- In 1932, which "New Deal" president increased the popularity of the Democratic party?
- Which political party is symbolized by a donkey?

These are some additional topics to know:
Major political parties in the U.S. - Know the Democratic, Green, Republican, and Libertarian parties
G.O.P - What does this stand for? Which party does it represent?
Federal Election Campaign Act - What does this prevent?

State and Local Governments:
Here are some sample questions:

- Public school systems operate under the authority of __________.
- Who grants local governments power?
- The person who is the head of the executive branch in each state is known as the _________.

These are some additional topics to know:
Structure of State Government - What is the hierarchy of state governments? Who are the leaders?
Roles of Counties and Municipalities - What governing body takes care of public works and services?
Property Taxes - Who pays this tax and who receives this revenue?

Elections and Voting:
Here are some sample questions:

- What is the youngest age at which a citizen of the United States can vote?
- A meeting consisting of party followers where convention delegates are picked is known as a _________.
- During a presidential election, if no candidate wins at least 270 electoral votes, who decides the outcome of the election?
- How do electoral votes get partitioned among the states?
- The Federal Election Campaign Act regulates _________.

These are some additional topics to know:
 Frequency of elections for President, Senators, and Representatives
The Electoral College
- What do they do? How are votes distributed?
Caucus/Conventions/Primaries - What are they? Which party uses which format? What's the Iowa Caucus?
What is gerrymandering?

You may find these websites helpful for finding information:

http://www.ncsl.org/legislatures-elections/legislatures/separation-of-powers-an-overview.aspx
http://www.senate.gov/civics/constitution_item/constitution.htm
http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/what-is-the-difference-between-a-primary-election-.html
http://www.fec.gov/law/feca/feca.shtml