Environmental Science Cheat Sheet

 

Water Quality

 

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What plan is currently being implemented by the South Florida Water Management District to help repair South Florida’s natural Everglades ecosystem while also improving our water management resources and conserving flood control?

 

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What are constructed wetlands that are designed to remove excess nutrients and improve the quality of water that enters the Everglades?

 

What STA is constructed to be the largest constructed wetland in the world at 16,300 acres?

 

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What additional storage feature is being implemented to provide steady water flow to the STA’s in order to achieve maximum water quality?

What is Phosphorus as it relates to the Everglades?

 

History

 

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Before the Seminole and Miccosukee tribes migrated to South Florida in the eighteenth century, what Native American people inhabited the Everglades around 1000 B.C.?

 

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In the 1940’s, it was predicted that by the 21st century, the population of South Florida would reach two million. The population is now __________.

Due to the mass increase of residents to Florida, what governor initiated the drainage of the Everglades in the early 1900’s?

Geography

 

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What type of water makes up the Everglades?

What is a nickname for the Everglades that describes it to be “a mosaic of sawgrass marshes, freshwater ponds, prairies and forested uplands that supports a rich plant and wildlife community.”

A century ago, the Everglades covered a vast __________ square miles of South Florida

 

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What is a consequence of methylmercury being found in the Everglades?

What element plays an essential role in converting inorganic mercury into methylmercury in the Everglades?

 

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(Know different Everglades ecosystems)

What Everglades habitat contains a broad array of leafed trees and rarely floods because of its slight elevation?

What Everglades habitat is made up of low lying marshy rivers that run though the Everglades and remain flooded throughout the entire year?

 

Native Species
 

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What is a plant or animal that appears in a certain region or ecosystem without any direct or indirect human actions?

 

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What native bird in the Everglades was given the nickname “snakebird” because of its ability to swim with its neck above water and look like a snake getting ready to strike?

What bird of the Everglades spears its prey on thorns before eating it because it does not have large talons?

 

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What is another use for “alligator holes” that Alligators excavate during the dry winter season?

 

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What is a natural predator of the American Crocodile?

 

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Florida Panther populations currently experience all threats except for what?

The Florida Panther prefers what type of habitat?

 

Non-Native Species

 

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What is a plant or animal that lives outside its native range, and can cause environmental or economic damage while posing a threat to human health and safety?

Because of its subtropical climate and major ports of entry, Florida is ranked number __ in the United States in its vulnerability to non-native species.

 

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Where is the Burmese Python originally from?

 

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What invasive species generates chemicals that suppress the growth of native plants, and is nicknamed “The Florida Holly” because of its resemblance to holly berries?

 

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What invasive species is able to store and release millions of seeds anytime there is a physical disturbance such as fire or herbicide application?

What is not a native land of the Melaleuca?

 

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With Burmese Pythons ranging from 5,000 to 100,000 in the Everglades, what month long event was mounted  in early 2013 that allowed the public to capture pythons?